With the advent of the winter, we worry about plants because our duties are to care for herbs in this cold season and to protect them. Since these days become shorter and sunlight is not enough, and the nights become colder, our caring should be careful and regularly.
Caring for herbs in winter includes the watering plants, correct humidity of the air, good lighting, and pest control. But there are herbs which we can grow in the winter time. They have nutrients for our health, attract our eye, and refresh our homes.
Let’s delve into details.
The watering herb in winter is quite different from in summer because there is less light and the growth of plants is slowing down. If the watering is abundant in winter, the plants pull out, but their stems are thin, and the leaves are small. To avoid this, we need to water our plants once a week or when the soil is very dry. No more! Instead of frequent watering herbs, we need to spray with clean water by the spray gun. It should be the settled water with room temperature because the roots can rot from the very cold water. Plant with large leaves is watered moderately in winter when the top layer of soil dries to a depth of about 1 cm.
There are plants that are practically not watered in the winter. These are the so-called succulents and cactus. They are able to store water in their tissues.
Also, the plants should stand away from heating appliances or fireplaces, if we don’t want to have a herbarium.
Normal humidity of air is necessary for plans. We should regularly ventilate the area where our plants grow, but so that the cold air doesn’t fall on leaves or flowers.
The humidity level is 2-3 times lower than normal in the winter time, so it is very difficult for plants and for us to live in these conditions. For example, our skin often dries and peels in winter. The best solution is to buy a humidifier. It will help to survive the winter both to plants, and us. Otherwise, if the air is very dry, we will have to use other means that require more troubles.
In addition to the electric air humidifier, we can use a home fountain: it not only moisturizes the air but also decorates the room. However, we can’t always install a fountain, because we need enough space. If we have dry air, we can plant our herbs next to, arranging something like a natural corner. It is easier for them to keep the moist microclimate around them.
The days are short in the winter and plants don’t have enough light. The phytolamp or fluorescent lamp can solve this problem. We need to switch on in close to our plants for 2-3 hours a day. Artificial light should fall on plants at an angle of 90 º so that the plant did not have to stretch the leaves to its source. What about the height? It is 55-60 cm for shade-loving plants, and for light-loving – 20-25 cm. All foliages should be cleaned for easier absorbing light. But the days become longer in February and this necessity disappears.
Don’t forget about pests, which are actively propagating in the winter month. This is due to the dry air. We can wash off them under the shower and wipe the foliage by a soup solution. Likewise, there are special chemical substances for pest control which are sold at any flower shop. If we don’t have an opportunity to buy it, we can prepare a home remedy. It includes onion, garlic, and water. Finely chop the onion and the garlic, fill with water and leave for several hours. Then filter it and spray the plants 2-3 times a week.
Rot and fungi in the winter also affect plants in those cases when the apartment is cool or the soil long dries. Wetness allows these bacilli to multiply, and it is very dangerous for the roots of plants. That’s why we need to water the plants only when the land is very dry, but succulents and cactus are watered every 3 weeks.
Winter herbs to grow
Just because it’s winter, we don’t need to give up on own home garden. We can grow different herbs in it. Here are some of them.
It is one of the most popular herbs in the world. Parsley is not an unpretentious plant, which can grow in harsher (cold) climate. Sometime parsley hides underground for defending itself but continues slowly to grow.
It is a perennial herb. Rosemary is a fairly strong plant. It can keep itself safe despite the frost and bloom throughout the year.
I think every person encountered this plant. And we know that mint is tough and resilient. It is like a weed which can grow wild or in a separate pot. That’s why we can taste in dishes and don’t worry about this plant during the winter.
This herb is widespread in world cuisines – from Italy to Thailand. Basil is rich in vitamin K, A, potassium, and calcium. The herb may have anti-inflammatory qualities and it’s a potent antibacterial.
It survives over the winter, although not all. We need to be careful not to cut all of our thyme shrub’s old growth because it will not prevent it from growing new leaves.
This is also a perennial herb. Winter savory needs very little attention. It has more of tang then thyme and we can use winter savory for beef stew
The winter is a very hard season for herbs, but to help them completely in our power. So, caring for herbs in winter should be special, correct and careful in this cold season. It will help them to relax and to keep health. And our plants will grow and blossom again in spring and summer, delighting us with their beauty and fragrance.