When I was a child, I went to my granny in the village in the holidays. She had a very big garden; there was always a good harvest and healthy plant. Her secret was using rainwater. And I follow her example now! However, there were some difficulties in the beginning.
What are the advantages of collection rainwater useful? How to calculate the amount of rainwater for our needs? How to collect rainwater? How to make most use from rainwater in gardening?
Let’s consider these issues!
What are the advantages of collection rainwater?
Rainwater harvesting is beneficial for a number of reasons. First of all, it can compensate for the amount of tap water used in the house. It helps to reduce water consumption. Secondly, large tanks drain water out of our home. Thirdly, rainwater can be used to irrigate the garden and helps to replenish groundwater resources with water, which usually enters the system of stormwater. Also, collecting rainwater reduces the amount of well water used. It’s very important if the water level falls in the heat in the well.
How to calculate the amount of rainwater for our needs?
In order to calculate the need for rainwater, we need to orientate ourselves in our water consumption. In the presence of water, meters make it much easier. Excess water requires longer storage and the cost of its collection and cleaning, so we need to buy and install equipment that reflects the real needs. It is impossible to avoid prolonged stagnation of rainwater in reservoirs, it can provoke the formation of a favorable environment for the development of microorganisms, which can lead to damage to the system and cause various infectious diseases.
How to collect rainwater?
Rainwater is a valuable source of moisture that people have been using for not one century. There are several basic rules for collecting rainwater to use it in the household and for irrigation of plants in the garden.
The easiest options for collecting rainwater to irrigate the garden include a drain, capacity for collecting and storing water, filter, pipeline or hoses.
The drain. The distance between the wall of the building and the drainpipe must be not less than 5, but not more than 7 centimeters. If you place the pipe too close, the wall of the building will constantly wet. If too far, may not be able to withstand the mount. The more attractive systems are made in the same style, and the elements of the drain should be made of the same material. The entire system should be combined with the color and interior design of the facade and roof of the house.
Capacity for collecting and storing water? Modern garden capacities for water are able not only to meet the need for storage and distribution of water but also play a role in decorating street space. Reliable, densely closed and have a convenient tap made of hygienic polypropylene can be styled under ancient Greek clay vessels, columns, vases, etc. Completely resolve the need for watering can capacities of 2000 liters or more. It is enough to dig a pit of the appropriate size for the deepening of the rain barrels to install the capacity, but it is best to prepare a good solid foundation for it. To do this, we have to make concrete for the pit. We should provide drainage at the bottom of the pit so that the ground absorbs excess moisture.
Filters. The filtration system should involve several stages of purification. One filter is installed at the entrance to the reservoir and two other filters are installed inside the barrels and at the exit from it.
How to make most use from rainwater in gardening?
One of the modern methods of water drainage is the rain garden, an inexpensive and beautiful way of drainage. This garden looks like an ordinary flower garden, but it is 30% better to absorb water. The garden is a flower bed of wild plants, which is located in a small depth on the plot. The soil under the rain garden blends in a special way. We mix sand, compost, and soil. It increases the absorbing ability of the flower garden. Also, we plant the wild plants in the rain garden because they usually can calmly withstand a lot of moisture, and can grow in arid conditions. In the rain garden, we can plant not only grasses and flowers but also shrubs that are better to plant from the edge of the flow of water so they will slow down the flow of water and will not allow washing away smaller plants. Good drainage provides this beautiful flowerbed with a little secret, reduces the number of mosquitoes in the garden, and keeps our tracks dry.
Another way is watering plants in the garden. Rainwater is soft and, in addition, has an almost neutral reaction and high oxygen content. Thanks to these properties, many gardeners consider that rainwater is the optimal option for watering. But at the same time, we cannot forget that due to the unfavorable environmental situation (especially in large cities) harmful substances and heavy metals enter the rainwater. In addition, moisture is usually collected under drainage pipes or gutters, that is, before getting into the capacity, it collects all accumulated dust and dirt. In order to reduce the amount of contamination in the rainwater, only two rules should be observed. The water should not be collected after a prolonged drought, and when the heavy rain begins, wait at least half an hour, and only then start the collection of moisture. And we need to adhere to the rules of collecting rainwater, which were considered above.
Rainwater can be used for hygienic needs. For example, we can wash our face and hand or clean our tools after hard work in the garden. Also, we can set up a fountain or create a pond, using rainwater. It will refresh our landscape design.
In conclusion, we can use rainwater not only in garden needs but in household needs such as to wash the dishes, cars or clothes. So, experiment!@