The pride of every gardener is a beautiful flower bed. Since I wanted to be a good gardener, I decided to create the magnificent flower bed. First of all, I read the necessary information about it on the Internet. But there were some difficulties bound up with the grassy area.
Weed control is the most responsible and important part in starting a flower bed. We choose the method of control: organic, ecological or chemical way and analyze the advantages and disadvantages each of them. But keeping clean soil is the hardest.
However, let’s consider in detail.
Remove the grass and other things
Weed control must begin at the stage of area preparation of the for flower beds. Proponents of organic gardening actively apply a fault-free method of soil treatment – shallow digging and shallow soil loosening. If possible, we need to pick up all roots and weeds. The land is dug only at the moment of initial processing. The soil is only slightly loose at other times.
The basis of the faultless method of soil treatment is light loosening instead of digging. Why is it a good way? Our whole ground is filled with weed seeds and only some of them get enough light for growing. In this method, weed seeds are not applied to the surface and therefore do not sprout. Those seeds brought to the site by the wind will not cause serious damage to the flower bed. Also, we can sprinkle our soil with mulches (gravel, bark, chips, straw, mown grass). Then weeds won’t grow anywhere.
One of the most reliable and proven methods of getting rid of weeds is mulching. As we know, the light is vital to plants. A mulch layer deprives the seeds of the weeds necessary for germination of light. As a mulch, we can use humus, compost, peat, bark, straw, hay, beveled grass, fallen leaves, shells of nuts and eggs, paper. But we pick them up with wisdom. For example, if we use as mulch peat or pine bark, then they sink the soil and not every flower or plant can grow in it. This layer must be at least 5 cm. It covers all the space, free from flowers and plants. Such a method not only inhibits the growth of weeds but also helps to keep moisture in arid weather.
The mixed and thick planting of vegetables, berries, and herbs on flower beds will help to significantly reduce the number of weeds. This is required in order for the secondary plants to perform mulch functions, leaving no room for growth of the weeds.
Way to saline the soil
The main task is to turn the soil into an unsuitable for growing weed environment. We use a large amount of sodium chloride or ordinary salt is added directly to the ground (1 sq. M – 1.5 kg of salt). As an option, we can water areas between flower beds with 30 % saline solution and weeds can’t be in our flower beds. But the soil after such influence is spoiled. The flower or herbs planting becomes impossible, as long as the soil does not recover again. It takes from 2 to 5 years. Therefore, this method is used mainly on the created of garden paths.
We can use the usual vinegar. Application of vinegar is a long-known method used as a natural removal of weeds. The vinegar contains an active ingredient, known as acetic acid. It is extremely poisonous for weeds, the higher the percentage of its content, the more effective is vinegar processing in the garden.
During dinner, we use low-acid vinegar (only 5%), which is enough for us, but there is little to remove weeds. A solution of vinegar is prepared from table vinegar and water, which are mixed with 1: 1 ratio. Then add 20-25 g of citric acid (1 package), 30 g of alcohol.
A similar effect gives a solution of 2 tbsp. spoons of soda on 5 l of water. You can also add 20 grams of commercial soap. Such a mixture can be used not only against weed, but also fungal diseases, for example, powdery mildew.
The most popular among gardeners is a recipe for herbicide soap. It is prepared on the basis of vinegar (15-20%): 1 g of vinegar is added to 150 g of salt and 5 ml of liquid soap.
The resulting these ways is much cheaper than the herbicide but no less effective. So periodically it is necessary to repeat.
Application of herbicides the fastest and least labor-intensive method of combating weeds. Herbicide affects not only the stalk but also the entire root system of the plant to its very ends, stopping the weeds and preventing it from spreading to the whole area. The most famous and effective is glyphosate. It is called ‘Roundup’ or ‘Hurricane forte’. Its negative impact on the soil is minimized since it is subject to complete decomposition within a month. After this period, the site is ready again for the growing plant. Despite the fact that the drug is extremely toxic when exposed to weeds, humans and animals are not adversely affected.
The result of the treatment with herbicide is extremely convenient. The effect will manifest itself very quickly – within a few days, completely weed will perish in 2 weeks. But it is necessary to exercise caution when treating the lawn – in the event of severe spraying, areas with damaged grass may appear.
Meeting with weeds in the flower bed
Imagine that we used all these ways but came across weeds in our flower bed. What to do? It is not a critical situation. Maybe birds brought it or the wind. If it was heavy rain before this ‘meeting’, we can pull it carefully. If it was dry weather, we cut it by the hoe or use an old knife for mulched flower beds.
If we can’t remove it because it is the annual weed, we cut its head. It reduces the probity of seeds propagation to other areas. The supply of root buds and its food reserve are exhausted and the weed dies. And next step: to water and to feed only flowers or plants but not weeds.
The sequence of action and the sense of measure are the keys to success in this case. If we decide to grow the flower bed and to have an impressive result, we should make a certain algorithm from the autumn to spring or only spring and stick to it.